Group Discussion (GD) is the first test in GTO Tests. It is a friendly and informal talk on the topics of common interests but of controversial nature. GD is similar to what you do sitting with your friends in the canteen of your school/college or units of your regiment etc.
Generally there is a confusion between Debate and Group Discussion but unlike Debate there is no chairperson, you are permitted to say what you like, when you like and as many times you feel like, and No Conclusion is to be reached, there is no restriction except that not more than 1 Person should speak at a time.
what more important is how the candidate put across his views rather than language used
At Service Selection Boards you will be Discussing on 2 topics within your group.
Group Discussion No.1
For the First Group Discussion, your group will be given 2 topics out of which the group will have to choose one topic for discussion (your group will be given approx 15-30 Seconds time to select the topic).
Once the topic is decided then GTO will Repeat the topic and your group will discuss for approximately 15 Minutes and thereafter GTO will interrupt you saying that “it was a nice discussion”even if your group members were selling their fish in the market.
Group Discussion No.2
After the First GD you will be given another topic for Discussion but this time there will be no choice, this topic will be decided by the GTO himself on the basis of performance of your group in the first GD. Again the group will discuss it for approx 15 Minutes and as stated earlier No Conclusion is required as it is simply a discussion.
Some important GD topics from SSB prospective are:-
1. Why there are so less no. of universities in India,
2. FDI in retail,
3. State of Indian Hockey,
4. Where should India invest more – Defence, Agriculture or Education,
5. FDI in retail.
Friends the list for topics for GD is endless. So, instead of going for topics look for knowledge and current affair as general topics for GD are formed from Current Events. Keep yourself updated through our Latest Event Section.
Group Planning Exercise (GPE) or sometimes called as Military Planning Exercise. This task has a model placed on the ground, it consists of certain problems which are given to you.
Initially, the Candidate is required to give his own solution and then discuss within his group and come to a common group solution. So, unlike the Group Discussionwhere no conclusion was to be reached in this exercise the candidates have to reach a definite conclusion that is mutually agreed on upon group solution.
This exercise is conducted in 5 stages which are as follows.
In Stage 1 GTO explains only once various features of the model laying on the ground, he will tell you about the marks, direction, scale and other features of the model like roads (Metallic or nonmetallic road), dams, nalas, river, railway lines, police posts, jungle or any other features, doubts if any are to be cleared at the end of the stage.
In Stage 2 GTO reads a story connected with the model laying on the ground, the story has certain problems in it like a person who is injured or any unsocial element mixing poison in a water tank and so on. Doubts are to be cleared at the end of the stage.
In this stage, you will be given the story card (same from which GTO read the story in Stage 2) to read for 5 Minutes and thereafter the card is collected from you, doubts if any are to be cleared at the end.
After collecting the Story card from you, you will be provided with a sheet of paper and on that sheet of paper you have to write your individual solution in 10 Minutes and thereafter the sheet will be taken back from you.
In the Final Stage the candidates are required to discuss among them the solution for approx 15 Minutes, make a group plan and one of the candidates among the group (you have to decide among yourself who will give the group plan) will get up and give the group plan to the GTO with the help of a pointer.
Important Tips for GPE:-
(a) the candidate must understand the map and find out resources he can
(b) Understand all essentials while the GTO narrates the plot
(c) When the narrative is given to the candidate, he /she should remain
calm and correlate/ the problem to the time of occurance
(d) Priorotise the problems logically and allocate proper resources to
(e) While writing the plan do not be too verbose Be brief while writing the plan.
(f) During discussion be open to others views as well (other guidelines of
GD given above will apply)
(g) Be logical in your approach
(h) In the final narration be clear and crisp
Expectations in GPE
Has the candidate been able to grasp the situations/problems properly.
Having grasped the situation, can the candidate deal with them in rational and logical manner.
Is the candidate able to understand the nature and gravity of each problems in some order of priority.
Can the candidate identify the given and available resources and put them to effective use.
Is the candidate able to understand and manage the time required to deal with each
Is the candidate able to provide a workable solution.
Has the candidate been able to overcome all the problems in an organised manner?
Was the candidate able to put across his point of view effectively during the discussion?
Was the candidate open to accepting others point of view? Did the candidate show keeness to come to a final common plan or was he adamant?
Is the candidate able to convince others on the common workable plan
Types of Problems:-
• Out the four problems given one will be of body injury to a person
which may be fatal.
• In addition there will be 2 problems of a highly larger magnitude
which will be happening at some place not too far and after sometime
• The fifth problem is generally of minor nature and has to be dealt with
fourth accordingly. e.g
• A person is likely to be kidnapped.
• Bomb likely to explode in a bus, train.
• Water, milk, Prasad etc being poisoned.
• Looting of a bank, jewellers etc
Snake Race or mostly known as Group Obstacle Race (GOR) is one of the interesting but painful tasks in SSB Interviews, it is interesting because you have to cheer a lot and you will enjoy as you will compete with other groups and painful because you would be one of the lucky persons who escaped uninjured from that race. Do not bother about the injury as generally, it will be some scratch on your knees or elbows however at times this task results in serious injury also, but your aim should be to perform well in the race rather than thinking about those injuries.
Your Group has to decide a War Cry (a slogan) which you have to continuously shout to cheer your group.
Till now you have been working within your own group but in this task which is known as GOR, you will be having a competition with the other groups. This task consist of 6 obstacles, each obstacle is divided into 4 channels, you will be told which channel to follow throughout in this task. Your group have to also carry a load the load is in form of a rolled-up tent and since it looks like a snake the task is also known as snake race, The group rule, colour rule and rule of infinity are applicable to this task, however the distance rule is modified in a sense that the candidates are permitted to Jump more than 4 feet.
Rules for Snake
1. Once the snake or the Load is picked up at start line it can’t be kept down till the finish line is reached.
2. The snake is not to be shortened or folded in any respect.
3. While running the snake must be kept parallel to the ground.
4. The snake will follow the same path as by the group members.
5. While running from obstacle to obstacle (between the obstacle) all the candidate of the group must hold on to the
6. While Doing an obstacle a minimum of 3 candidates have to hold on to the snake.
In case if you broke any of the above-mentioned rules or any colour rule then two type of penalties will be given to the group.
1. Time penalty– in time penalty GTO will make you count 10 or 5 seconds loudly and during that counting, no member of your group is allowed to move so your time will be wasted.
2. Repetition penalty – Some of the candidates may be asked to repeat a particular obstacle on which your group or its members have not followed the rule.
Tips to perform GPE
In any condition, snake should not touch the ground.
The snake should be held by at least 3 persons at any time.
Between the obstacles and start and finish of the race, all members of the group should have held the snake.
Never touch the out of bound region on the obstacle.
The snake should not be bent or folded and kept straight.
Till the last candidate crosses an obstacle, the group is not allowed to move to next obstacle.
You can cheer up your members or/and use a war cry like ‘Jai Hind’ or “Valar Morghulis” (IYKWIM).
No abusing or shouting at any member at your group.
Keep in mind the penalties for violating the rules
Progressive Group Task (PGT) is the first of the GTO task in which all GTO Rules apply, this task consists of 4 obstacles in a straight line. It is known as a group task because all of you will be working as a group to achieve a common goal. The task is called progressive because the first obstacle is very veryvery simple, the second obstacle is very very simple, the third obstacle is very simple and the fourth one is simple, this means that the level of difficulty increases with obstacles and hence the name Progressive.
Before starting the PGT GTO will brief all the candidates. Read GTO’s Briefing for PGT.
In Service Selection Boards there are no natural obstacles like Ditches, Nalas and rivers so what is done is that a set of parallel lines are drawn and the area between them is placed out of bounds for candidates. So these become obstacles to you, to help you cross the obstacles certain structures are placed which the candidates can touch, you will be provided with helping material in form of planks, Ballies and Ropes. You will be also carrying a load with you which is a sensitive black box whom you have to carry carefully.
• This is first outdoor task. You must be very attentive during the briefing given by the G.T.O.
• Remember that outdoor tasks in SSB are NOT about PHYSICAL
STRENGTH, it is all about your MENTAL ABILITY.
• PGT has four stage task, one after the other which are progressive in
their degree of difficulty.
1. There are some rules to be followed, such as the ground between the
start and finish line is out of bounds other rules are:-
(a) GROUP RULE
(b) RULE OF DISTANCE
(c) RULE OF INFINITY
(d) RULE OF RIGIDITY
(e) RULE OF COLOUR
• Following above rules the candidates have to complete the task in a
specific time frame
(a) The idea is to find the fastest route, as a group, over the structures
fixed on ground between the start and finish line.
• For performing the task some helping material are given like
WOODEN PLANK (PHATTA), WOODDEN POLE (BALLI) and
ROPE. A load is also given which has to be carefully carried by the
group collectively while doing the task.
• The group may also be given a ONE TIME MOVABLE DRUM OR
The time given for this is usually 40-45 minutes depending on the G.T.O and also based on the difficulty of the task. When one task is finished the group has to move to the next Task. So the group has to finish the tasks at a stretch.
No leader is nominated and the whole group is allowed to participate in this. The person who is having analyzing capability, who is able to apply his basic physics (such as fulcrum, cantilever) in real life, would feel comfortable to finish these tasks. Also he will be able to show his leadership qualities.
The obstacles are painted in three colors namely:-
White:- The candidate ,the load and the helping materials can touch the
obstacle at this region.
Blue:- Only the candidate can touch the obstacle in this region and not
the helping materials and the load.
Red:- The candidate, the load and helping material should not touch the
obstacles in this region
What is expected
· Ability of the candidate to comprehend the problem and make best use of the helping material to
complete the tasks stage by stage.
· Is the candidate helpful and cooperative.
· Is he contributing towards the common group goal.
· Ability to communicate in fluid environment.
· Does the candidate have adequate mental and physical stamina to handle stress.
· Ability of the candidate to emerge as a leader of a leaderless group.
Important Tips For P.G.T:-
a) Never look at the G.T.O while doing the tasks.
b) Understand the structures in front of you and see how best you can use it
to your advantage
c) Give workable ideas to the group if you don’t have any idea just help the
idea given by others.
d) Avoid violating the rules during the tasks, and in case you violate the rule,
just do correction yourself.
e) Always be an active participant in the group and be cooperative
f) Consider others ideas if they are better than yours.
g)Interact in a friendly and helpful manner without compromising on urgency
The candidates are ordered to sit in a semi-circle. The GTO will sit behind the candidates.
Then the GTO will place a set of cards in front of the candidates.
The candidates have to pick one card from that bunch and are given three minutes to prepare the topic.
There are four of topics on each card (one is tough next two are normal and the third one is easy). The candidate has to select only one topic.
While the first candidate is preparing his talk. Other candidates are made to give a short self introduction.
When the first candidate arrives for his lecture the next candidate has to pick up his card and the rest follow likewise automatically.
The first candidate will start his lecture. After 2.5 minutes the GTO rings a bell to warn the candidate that his time is almost over and he should sum up his lecture.
After 3 minutes are over the GTO will ring the bell again, this indicates that the time is up and the candidate should stop and move out.
The next candidate now takes his place and similarly starts his lecture.
Introduction Before Lecturette
GTO will ask you for a small introduction of yours in just a few points before he starts Lecturette, in that you have to tell the following points.
2. Where are you From
4. Parents profession
5. What you are currently doing (Studying/Job)?
01.First day in college life
03.Nuclear reactor in our country.
04.UID cards (ATM, Credit cards)
05.Freedom movement of nation
06.If you become the prime minister
07.Achievement in Life
09.Development of Science
10.Pros and Cons of science
11.Tel about your native
12.Knowledge is power
13.Power of Press
14.Defense system of our bharat
21.War in Sri Lanka, Libya
23.Cricket in India
24.Hockey the national game
25.Football in India
26.Compulsory Military Training
27.Corruption and Bribe
28.Bharat the super power
29.Indo-pak war or Indo-pak conflict
30.IIT and IIM standard with International Standards
31.Transportation in our nation
32.Migration of students to Foreign countries
34.Bharat in Space research
36.Unemployment in our nation
37.Unforgettable moments in life
39.Your Hero (napoleon etc)
40.Women at the society
41.Security for the women in our country
42.Quota for our constitution
43.33% reservation for women
44.Youth in Politics
45.Exercise makes us fit
47.Life of poor people in our country
48.Saving of rain water or ground water management
49.Sea water to drinking water project
50.Solar energy to electrical energy project
51.Petrol price hike in our country
52.Gold mines in our country
53.Natural resources of India
54.BPO jobs in our country
55.City expansion and destruction of yielding lands in our country
57.Recycling of waste
58.Security of our nation
59.NSG and security forces
60.Is china a threat for our nation.
1.Stand with your shoulders square and chest up position.
2.Keep your hands at the back and avoid moving them.
3.Avoid movement of legs and pelvic region.
4.Keep eye contact with the audience and never look at the GTO during
5.Keep little smile and don’t make it look fake .
6.Keep yourself relaxed.
7.Maintain reasonably loud pitch. Your voice and tone should not
How To Take The Lecture:-
1.The introduction should be short and crisp and should not exceed 30
2.The main body should have 3-4 strong points brought out in a logical
3.The conclusion should be around 20 seconds and should give out your
point of view clearly.
4.Your lecture should show optimism and clarity of thought.
5.Be modernistic in your approach and show a scientific bent of mind
Preparation for Lecturette:-
a)The candidates are advised to practice 2-3 lectures daily.
b)Standing in front of the mirror and speaking helps overcoming hesitation.
c)You are advised to read newspapers regularly
d) Do search the internet for latest update.
This task falls under the confirmatory series. It is a simple task allotted to each candidate, who is expected to provide solution without consulting the two subordinates, selected by him from the group. The GTO assesses the performance of the commander as it is the only task in which the responsibility for completion of the task is fixed on the commander.
So far you have worked in leaderless group tasks where no responsibility is given to individuals. But ‘Command Task’ is the only task where the responsibility of completion of the task is given to you when you are called to work as commander.
a) Task is allotted to each candidate by turns.
b) You are allowed to select the two candidates from your group to help
you to complete your task in about 10 minutes.
c) Helpers are not supposed to suggest solution to the commander. They
must keep quiet + work as told by the commander.
d)Task must be completed in time, obeying all the rules applicable in PGT,
except the group rule.
Briefing by the Commander:-
The candidate who is being tested in the command Task will be required to brief his helpers before the task commences. This briefing by commander may include:
a) Explanation of the task at hand
b) Helping material available for the task.
c) How the commander plans to execute the task.
What the G.T.O expects from the candidate
a) Is the candidate good in offering workable ideas to solve the problem.
b) Is he good at extracting work from his sub-ordinates and also
participating in his task.
c) While choosing the sub-ordinates, whether the candidate is choosing the weak or strong member of the group.
d) Can the candidate find out multiple and alternate solutions for the task.
e) Is he quick in his decision making and finding workable ideas.
f) Is he having any hesitation in executing his plan after deciding it.
g) Is he flexible enough to adjust to changing situations.
Important Tips for Command Task:-
Understand the instructions given by GTO carefully.
1. Choose the correct person as sub-ordinates. By now you would know the characteristics of each member of your group. So pick subordinates who are more resourceful and delegent. If a tall person is available and he is a good worked, he may be more useful where the task requires
more reach. A well built person would fit in if the task requires some tying and lifting etc.
2.Try to avoid asking ideas from the sub-ordinates, since you are
the leader and commander. Also if you are a subordinate, don’t talk or give ideas to the commander unless the GTO tells to do so.
3. If the GTO changes any situation in between, take it in the right spirit, don’t panic and think logically to get the right solution..
The aim of the Task is to see the candidate’s stamina, boldness and courage.
There are ten obstacles with different difficulty levels The number painted on the board near the obstacles denotes the marks allocated for that obstacle.
There are 10 Obstacles and the time limit to do these obstacles is 3 minutes. The total marks are 55.
i.e. 1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+9+10 = 55
The obstacle with highest level of difficulty carries 10 marks while the obstacle with lowest level of difficulty carries one mark. If a candidate is able to clear all obstacles in less than 3 m, he can repeat the obstacles of his choice once to earn bonus points.
Briefing by G.T.O.:-
In this G.T.O. takes the candidates to all the obstacles and tells the rules to be followed. The candidate should work out the sequence in which he would like to attempt the obstacles keeping in mind his own level of fitness.
While attempting the task, in case the candidate violates any rule, he should just repeat the tasks.
The candidates are advised to sit on a bench facing away from the Task, so that they are not able to observe the candidate who is attempting the task.
Rules of Individual Obstacles:-
The G.T.O calls the first candidate (based on chest numbers) and orders him to be ready for the task. When he blows the whistle the first Candidate will start to do the task. After 2.30 minutes the GTO blows a short whistle which is the sign for the candidate who is doing obstacle that his time is getting over and also to the next person to come and be ready for the task.
Different types of Obstacles:-
a) Commando walk
b) Double ditch jump
c) Tarzan swing
d) Balanced walk
e) Jumping over drum wound with thorny wires
f) Step by step jump
g) Jumping over the screen (high jump)
h) Burma bridge
i) Tarzan Jump
j) Rope climbing
Final Group Task (F.G.T):-
This is the last task with the GTO. It falls under the final series. This is the
last chance for a candidate to show himself, he can make up for lost
ground, if any.
Unlike PGT, where the group has a four stage task, the FGT has only one.
The difficulty level of the task will be like the fourth stage of the PGT.
The entire task is of 20 minutes.
All rules of PGT except group rule will apply.
By now the candidates have gone through PGT, HGT, command tasks.
Therefore, they are expected to give better ideas and in quicker time
The candidates should show greater cooperation with others and also
better level of mutual understanding as they have been together for a
reasonably long time.
Things to follow at F.G.T
Be yourself and feel relaxed
Give a good idea to the group; if you don’t have any idea just help the idea givers
Be an active participant in the team by giving your full cooperation.
Show that you have learnt while being on the job
Give credit to others, while using any of their earlier ideas used in the PGT/HGT/CT
The task is going to be tricky and frustrating at times, don’t lose your head or become foul mouthed when others do not do the things right or as expected/ instructed.
Feed coming soon